Scientists have tried to find out what happened to the people of Easter Island after they built the 3-20 meter high stone statues called Moai. The final mystery of Easter Island seems to have been uncovered. However, researchers and evidence have only confused scientists, making it difficult to know what the truth is. In fact, a local resident admitted to researchers that “ancestors will punish anyone who reveals the secret meaning of these drawings to outsiders.” In the end, what did they find on this treeless island?
Easter Island and Its Mysterious Stone Statues
Easter Island, whose inhabitants call it “Rapa Nui,” a small island in the Pacific, has haunted scientists for centuries. Some of its population carved and erected nearly 1000 stone statues before disappearing. The work seems to have been abruptly halted, as some structures are still unfinished. Today, there are still a few indigenous people here, but they know nothing about the fate of their ancestors.
The Theories Put Forward
There was a developed civilization on Easter Island, that is a fact. The evidence is the stone statues erected all over the island. According to most researchers, the people on Earth definitely did not have the physical and mental ability to carve and erect such heavy stone statues, some weighing tens of tons. Moreover, they were arranged and arranged in a very scientific and aesthetic way all over the island.
The hypothesis of the writer Erich von Däniken
Swiss writer and explorer, Erich von Däniken, commented, “Such complex works can only be done by beings from outside Earth! It’s not for nothing that the gaze of all the statues is directed towards the sky like that.” According to him, extraterrestrial beings accidentally landed on the island due to technical malfunctions in their spacecraft. While repairing their ship, they passed the time by carving statues that depicted themselves. This also explains why the faces of the statues are elongated and not proportionate to human facial features. After fixing their ship, the space tourists hastily left, leaving many unfinished statues behind.
The theory put forth by occultist Helena Blavatsky
If you find this hypothesis too imaginative, then perhaps the work “The Secret Doctrine” by Russian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist Helena Blavatsky also puts forward a no less mysterious hypothesis. She believed that Easter Island is part of Lemuria – a legendary country. Among the island’s inhabitants were also people who survived after the continent of Atlantis sank to the bottom of the sea (according to Plato’s works Timaeus and Critias).
As far as we know, both the Lemurian and Atlantis human races were very tall, ranging from 7-18m. Therefore, for them, crafting and installing 10m statues was not difficult. But then, the great deluge happened as in the legend of the natives, with thunderbolts from the sky and from the depths of the earth, causing the sea to rise rapidly and the island to sink into the sea. However, according to Blavatsky, centuries later, this land emerged from the bottom of the sea. At that time, many statues were still in almost their original positions, but some had fallen during this “sinking and rising” process.
The hypothesis of biologist Jared Diamond
The third hypothesis, which is largely accepted by scientists, is that the mistake of the indigenous people on the island caused a corner of paradise to turn into a desert. Biologist Jared Diamond once stated on American television that the population on Easter Island continued to grow and they began to cut down trees faster than the forest could regenerate. Trees were felled for fuel, building materials, and to clear land for agriculture. Many forests were destroyed to make way for crop production. The result was a desperate shortage of food and water.
The people had no forests to preserve moisture, droughts began to occur, and streams and springs dried up. Soil fertility declined, reducing the effectiveness of agriculture. In the midst of this hardship, the islanders began to carve and erect stone statues to appease the gods but received no help. In a desperate situation, the people were forced to resort to cannibalism in the hope of survival, leading to the complete collapse of a once-thriving civilization.
However, some researchers believe in the mysterious scientific theory that the island’s indigenous people still hide ancient knowledge passed down from their ancestors. To this day, scientists have not been able to decipher the signs engraved on the smooth surface of wooden tablets and the drawings depicting winged beings, strange two-legged creatures, bizarre animals, or incomprehensible spiral shapes.
Finally, all the fascinating hypotheses seem to have reached a dead end, giving way to a purely scientific theory. This is the result of the work of two archaeologists, Carl Lipo from California State University (USA) and Terry Hunt from the University of Hawaii (USA), who have proven that there has never been an advanced civilization on Easter Island, even though the indigenous people crafted the famous statues. The purpose of creating and erecting these bizarre statues was to intimidate external enemies. They were made from lightweight volcanic rock formed from volcanic ash, which became malleable when heated by the geothermal heat of magma and hardened into stone as it cooled. The statues were crafted near the Rano Raraku volcano on the island and transported to coastal areas using wooden boards, ropes, levers, and rollers.
Numerous experiments have demonstrated the feasibility of this method. In fact, with just 12 people and the aforementioned tools, a 20-ton stone statue could be transported and erected within 18 days. In addition, scientists have determined that the statues’ feet were not haphazardly buried in the ground, but each statue had a thick stone slab used as a base, which was placed at the bottom of a deep pit. Dr. Carl Lipo affirmed: “The native people suddenly disappeared after the arrival of the Dutch in 1722. They spread a series of deadly diseases such as smallpox, plague, leprosy, tuberculosis, dysentery, etc. throughout the island, causing almost all the inhabitants to fall ill and die.”
So, according to him, there was no environmental catastrophe on Easter Island as people have long believed. He also believes that there may have been coconut forests on the island, but they were destroyed not by humans but by rats that arrived on Dutch colonial ships from Europe. At that time, there were no natural predators of rats on the island, so they multiplied very quickly. They loved to eat coconuts, so no coconut could germinate. As a result, the coconut forests on the island gradually withered away, and life on Easter Island came to an end.
So Who Created The Moai Statues On Easter Island?
Although each hypothesis presented has solid evidence and reasoning, it still raises many doubts for us. You cannot be sure that this is the product of the Lemurian or Atlantis giants, or even extraterrestrials. Even these races of people themselves have not dared to claim their existence. So what about other hypotheses? Is there any other evidence that makes us believe that one is more likely than another? Don’t hesitate to share with The Wise Goat in the comments below.
And now, goodbye and have a warm day with your family!